Simple, the browse line! My average axis buck harvested on this ranch will have main beams that measure 32-35″ and score “Gold Medal”. The pedicles (the bony cores from which antlers arise) are shorter, and the auditory bullae are smaller in the chital. Origin: Indian subcontinent in Asia. A trophy axis is usually 6+ years old, weighs 160 to 210lbs with 6 points and 28+ inch beams. Behavior of axis deer is nearly identical to native whitetail deer with majority of activity occurring at dusk and dawn. Introduced to Texas around 1932, they are thriving. B. Jorgensen, H. Worsaae, and D. Behymer. One of the more unique exotic species is the Axis Deer, also known in its native country of India as the chital.  An interesting relationship has been observed between herds of chital and troops of the northern plains grey langurs, a widespread South Asian monkey. A rutting male fasts during the mating season and follows and guards a female in oestrus. Axis males can be in hard horn any time of the year. Similar to the elk, these spotted deer are also extremely vocal, letting out distinctive sharp, alarm calls to communicat… Attempts by hunters to introduce the species to the mainland of Croatia were unsuccessful. This means they compete with whitetail deer for available resources. Call for hard horn buck availability. , The chital was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777 as Cervus axis. , The chital ranges over 8–30°N in India and through Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. Axis deer are known to occupy the same ecological niche as whitetail deer. The toes taper to a point. This beautiful spotted deer is moderate in size with males reaching about 35 inches and females reaching about 28 inches to the shoulder. Lane, Robert S., and Willy Burgdorfer. The absolute and sheer size of axis deer makes them quite appealing among hunters hunting list. While some of the stock originated from Sri Lanka (Ceylon), the Indian race likely is also represented. This smaller sized ungulate has a fairly long history in the central part of Texas with the first Axis deer introduced in 1932. , The chital is listed by the IUCN as being of least concern "because it occurs over a very wide range within which there are many large populations". Males sporting hard antlers are dominant over those in velvet or those without antlers, irrespective of their size.  Studies in the Nallamala Hills (Andhra Pradesh, India) and the Western Ghats (western coast of India) showed seasonal variation in the sex ratio of herds; this was attributed to the tendency of females to isolate themselves ahead of parturition. Series A:Medical Microbiology, Infectious Diseases, Virology, Parasitology 263(1-2): 55-64. The chital (/tʃiːtəl/) (Axis axis), also known as spotted deer, chital deer, and axis deer, is a species of deer that is native to the Indian subcontinent. When would this ever come into play? Our trophies are divided into 3 categories, which closely coincide with S.C.I.  The tail, 20 cm (7.9 in) long, is marked by a dark stripe that stretches along its length. , The chital is found in large numbers in dense deciduous or semievergreen forests and open grasslands.  Chital occur sporadically in the forested areas throughout the rest of the Indian peninsula. Chital in the Sunderbans may be omnivores; remains of red crabs have been found in the rumen of individuals.  Other common names for the chital are Indian spotted deer (or simply the spotted deer) and axis deer. 2004. Axis deer (Axis axis) are easily identified by an orange coat with white spots similar to a whitetail fawn. According to Graf & Nichols (1966), fecal pellets of Molokai/Lanai axis deer ranged in size from 6-9.5 mm in diameter and 13-25 mm in length. The axis bucks I saw on the Double C ranch in South Texas were approximately twice the size of most of the native whitetails. Courtship is based on tending bonds. While immature males weigh 30–75 kg (66–165 lb), the lighter females weigh 25–45 kg (55–99 lb). The pellets often were tear-drop shaped with a nipple on one end and a slight indention on the other; they were also other … The fight terminates with the males stepping backward, or simply leaving and foraging. , Each of the antlers has three lines on it.  A conspicuous black stripe runs along the spine (back bone). Hunting for tophy axis deer on Hawaii's sixth-largest, but least populated, island.  It also has well-developed metatarsal glands and pedal glands located in its hind legs. The running chital has its tail raised, exposing the white underparts. The average lifespan in captivity is nearly 22 years. More commonly known as the Axis or spotted deer, this striking creature is one of the most impressive trophy bucks to roam North America. Since then they have adapted very well to the warm, seasonal climate of the central part of the state.  Sri Lanka is the southern limit.  The milk canine, nearly 1 cm (0.39 in) long, falls off before one year of age, but is not replaced by a permanent tooth as in other cervids. Artiodactyla. THE ANSWER IS NO. The preorbital glands, larger in males than in females, are frequently opened in response to certain stimuli. Body is compact with dainty legs. Sparring between males begins with the larger male displaying his dominance before the other; this display consists of hissing heading away from the other male with the tail facing him, the nose pointing to the ground, the ears down, the antlers upright, and the upper lip raised. Young are colored like adults and all sexes are the same color. , Releasing them on the island of Hawaii was planned, as well, but this was abandoned after pressure from scientists over damage to landscapes caused by the deer on other islands. The chital (Axis axis), also known as spotted deer, chital deer, and axis deer, is a species of deer that is native to the Indian subcontinent. The antlers and brow tines are longer than those in the hog deer. Males reach nearly 90 cm (35 in) and females 70 cm (28 in) at the shoulder; the head-and-body length is around 1.7 m (5.6 ft). The antlers, three-pronged, are nearly 1 m (3.3 ft) long. The chital can respond to the alarm calls of several animals, such as the common myna and langurs. The female can conceive again two weeks to four months after the birth. Axis deer (scientific name Axis axis) sport an orange coat dotted with white spots, not unlike a whitetail fawn, and white patches on their throats. Management of axis deer is facilitated by legalized hunting with the purchase of permits and permission to hunt on private ranges with an entrance fee. Axis deer were introduced in 1932 as a game meat. Adult males weigh up to 200 pounds and females 35 percent less. This posture is also used while foraging. EVER SEEN A BIGGER AXIS DEER? Stags reach adult size at age 4-5 while does are typically 6 before they reach their full adult size. Their original habitat was open country at lower elevations in forested regions. Males often stand on their hindlegs to reach tall branches. Chital have several white spots, whereas fallow deer usually have white splotches. The chital, also known as spotted deer, chital deer, and Axis Deer, is a species of deer that is native in the Indian subcontinent. Recommended hunt dates to book are from May-August when most of the males horns are hard at this time of the year.. Source: thehibbitts.net It was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777.  The western limit of its range is eastern Rajasthan and Gujarat. Herds are comprised of males and females of various ages throughout the year. The opponents then interlock their horns and push against each other, with the smaller male producing a sound at times which is louder than that produced by sambar deer, but not as much as the barasinga's. Fawns in search of their mother often squeal. (1964).  Its calls are, however, not as strong as those of elk or red deer; they are mainly coarse bellows or loud growls.  A phylogenetic study later that year showed that Hyelaphus is closer to the genus Rusa than Axis. Paratuberculosis in cattle and free-living exotic deer. The pair does several bouts of chasing and mutual licking before copulation. , A vocal animal, the chital, akin to the North American elk, gives out bellows and alarm barks. The average lifespan of axis deer is 9 to 13 years with documented cases of 20 years in captivity. The deer are thought by many to be the most beautiful deer as their coats are rust colored and covered with white spots, very similar to a White-tail fawn. You may see hard-antlered axis bucks throughout the year.  Males may moan during aggressive displays or while resting. Since the axis deer prefer warm weather they thrive in the state of Texas. On average the axis deer will stand 4 inches taller at the normal shoulder height and 6 inches longer when standing on his hind legs. Join us for a Texas Axis hunt.  The hairs are smooth and flexible. Axis Deer Size & Measurements. These bucks appeared to me to be about the size of a mature Mule deer buck (200 pounds). It is sexually dimorphic; males are larger than females, and antlers are present only on males. 1 Description 2 Features 3 Integrity 4 Need Zone Times 5 Fur variants 6 Trivia and Patches Axis deer, also known as the chital, is a deer species native to South Asia.  Two primary reasons for its good conservation status are its legal protection as a species and a network of functioning protected areas. The antlers emerge as soft tissues (known as velvet antlers) and progressively harden into bony structures (known as hard antlers), following mineralisation and blockage of blood vessels in the tissue, from the tip to the base. Individuals tend to group together and forage while moving slowly.  Small herds are common, though aggregations of as many as 100 individuals have been observed. They have a black dorsal stripe and white bib on their neck, white inner legs, stomach, and under-tail.  The chital has been observed foraging with sambar deer in the Western Ghats. Males grow antlers that are tall, graceful and simple with long brow tines as much as 18 in.  The chital has well-developed preorbital glands (near the eyes) with stiff hairs. Axis Deer Skin Hide Average Size: 37" X 30" Top Grade Axis Deer Hide Top Grade . That’s to say their breeding cycle isn’t synchronized like deer, but is asynchronous like cattle.  Groups are loose and disband frequently, save for the juvenile-mother herd. , Individuals may occasionally bite one another. The males continue their growth till seven to eight years. Copyright:Troy D. Hibbitts. Weight: Males: 134 – 2 50 pounds | Females: 95-140 pounds. Browse includes herbs, shrubs, foliage, fruits, and forbs; Moghania species are often preferred while browsing. Free shipping . All Rights Reserved, Lamar University | Sul Ross State University | Texas State University, San Marcos. Axis Deer History The axis deer can be traced to the foothills of the Indian Himalayas and island of Sri Lanka ( Ceylon). These did not survive, and the primary range of the chital is now confined to a few cattle stations in North Queensland near Charters Towers and several feral herds on the NSW north coast. The species was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp E rxleben in 1777. As an antipredator measure, chital flee in groups (unlike the hog deer that disperse on alarm); sprints are often followed by hiding in dense undergrowth. Our Trophy Axis Deer Hunt offers a great opportunity for you to hunt Axis deer at this legendary ranch . The antlers sweep upward and backward and have three tines off one long main beam. Because the deer have no natural predators on the Hawaiian islands, their population is growing 20 to 30% each year, causing serious damage to agriculture and natural areas. , A gregarious animal, the chital forms matriarchal herds comprising an adult female and her offspring of the previous and the present year, which may be associated with individuals of any age and either sex, male herds, and herds of juveniles and mothers. The northern limit is along the Bhabar-terai belt of the foothills of the Himalaya and from Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal through to Nepal, northern West Bengal and Sikkim and then to western Assam and the forested valleys of Bhutan, which are below 1,100 m asl.  In the Kanha National Park, mineral licks rich in calcium and phosphorus pentoxide were scraped at by the incisors.  The highest numbers of chital are found in the forests of India, where they feed upon tall grass and shrubs. Similarly, rutting males leave their herds during the mating season, hence altering the herd composition. As days grow cooler, foraging begins before sunrise and peaks by early morning. The deer were introduced to Maui island in the 1950s to increase hunting opportunities. , Herd grazing while one (on left) keeps watch at Sudarnakhali, Sundarbans, Herd of chital does at Ranthambore National Park. , The chital was the first species of deer introduced into Australia in the early 1800s by Dr. John Harris, surgeon to the New South Wales Corps, and he had about 400 of these animals on his property by 1813. Female axis deer do not grow antlers and have a mature body size of 90 to 150 lbs while males weigh an average of 150 to 250 pounds. Axis deer typically have 3 points on each antler which sweeps back and up. Activity slows down during midday, when the animals rest or loiter about slowly. Mature males can weigh up to 98 to 110 kg (216 to 243 lb). It is an adaptable deer that is prized by hunters, and as such, it has been imported and introduced in many locations including Hawaii and Texas in the United States, and in countries such as Australia and Croatia.  Antlers, as in most other cervids, are shed annually. It stays within 300 m (980 ft) of cover. The height of the rut occurs in June and July but has been observed in all parts of the year. They stand on their hind legs to reach tall branches and rub the open preorbital glands to deposit their scent there. Hunting free range axis deer is by permit only so local parks and wildlife authorities can monitor populations. However, population densities are below ecological carrying capacity in many places due to hunting and competition with domestic livestock. In: D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder (eds), Gee, E.P. The chital has a prominent white patch on its throat, while the throat of the fallow deer is completely white. The abdomen, rump, throat, insides of legs, ears, and tail are all white. , The chital has been introduced to the Andaman Islands, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Paraguay, Uruguay, Alabama, Point Reyes National Seashore in California, Florida, Hawaii, Mississippi, and Texas in the United States, and the Veliki Brijun Island in the Brijuni Archipelago of the Istrian Peninsula in Croatia. The upper parts are golden to rufous, completely covered in white spots.  Predators of the chital include wolves, Bengal tigers, Asiatic lions, leopards, Indian rock pythons, dholes, Indian pariah dogs, and mugger crocodiles. They typically remain in herds and each male has a unique breeding cycle. 1994. Pending a 60-day drying period, this non-typical axis buck is potentially the new #1 SCI free-range axis deer. as was stated anything about 28 is a good buck, anything over 33 is a real trophy Axis deer males grow massive antlers, usually with three to six points, and can weigh up to 250 pounds. Occasionally there is a 4th brow tine. The male axis averages about 35 inches tall at the shoulder, with a total length of 67 inches. Axis deer are closer related to elk than whitetails. Urine marking is also observed; the smell of urine is typically stronger than that of the deposited scent.  The chital also benefit from fruits dropped by langurs from trees such as Terminalia bellirica and Phyllanthus emblica. Mature males and females have white patches on their throat while only mature males have antlers with an average of 6 points per antler. A moderate-sized deer, male chital reach nearly 90 cm (35 in) and females 70 cm (28 in) at the shoulder. The body of Axis deer is bright golden brown in color while the head is … A moderate-sized deer, male chital reach nearly 90 cm (35 in) and females 70 cm (28 in) at the shoulder. Sizes- Lovey Size- 17”x17” - Lovey size blankets are very small, miniature sized baby blankets that baby can cuddle and carry with them everywhere. , Chital are active throughout the day. Native Origin: India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka.  The dental formula is 0.1.3.33.1.3.3, same as the elk. Since their introduction, axis deer have escaped captivity and established in Texas, with over 6,000 free ranging animals and 40,000 kept on private hunting ranges. Ramsey, Charles W. 1968. Thus, to conclude, we can say that if these simple minor things are kept in mind then efforts made in respect of hunting an axis deer will surely get you fruitful results. They're part of the classified under the family Cervidae family, but different from the somewhat similar fallow deer. Male axis deer compete for females during their rut season by fighting other males. Recommended Firearm for Axis Deer: .270, .30.06, 7mm mag, .300 win Fallow also have palmate antlers whereas chital have 3 distinct points on each side. 1979. They can be found in open areas during warm periods of the day, but are primarily active at dusk or dawn. , Breeding takes place throughout the year, with peaks that vary geographically. Browse forms a major portion of the diet only in the winter-October to January-when the grasses, tall or dried up, are no longer palatable. Elegant legs and graceful movements, powerful hind legs, and a breathtakingly impressive rack.  The axis deer is protected under Schedule III of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act (1972) and under the Wildlife (Preservation) (Amendment) Act, 1974 of Bangladesh. Behavior of axis deer is nearly identical to native whitetail deer with majority of activity occurring at dusk and dawn. For more information about hunting axis deer in Texas click here. The front side is a custom printed axis deer hide design on buttery soft minky material. © 2014 Texas Invasive Species Institute.  In 1827, English naturalist Charles Hamilton Smith placed the chital in its own subgenus, Axis, under the genus Cervus. The staple of the axis deer’s diet is grass. The brow tine (the first division in the antler) is roughly perpendicular to the beam (the central stalk of the antler). Read more - Axis deer possession now illegal in Hawaii, Holoholo State News. The axis deer was first introduced into Texas in the 1930s and now occurs in at least forty-five counties. $229.00 0 bids  These deer typically move in a single file on specific tracks, with a distance of two to three times their width between them, when on a journey, typically in search of food and water sources. The following cladogram is based on the 2004 phylogenetic study:, Cervus, fallow deer (Dama dama), Père David's deer (Elaphurus davidianus), Hyelaphus and Rusa, Fossils of extinct Axis species dating back to the Early to Middle Pliocene are known from central to southern Asia from Iran in the east to Indochina in the west.  A study in the Gir National Park (Gujarat, India) showed that chital travel the most in summer of all seasons. Free ranging populations […] The mineral content of the chital's antlers was determined to be (per kg) 6.1 milligrams (0.00022 oz) copper, 8.04 milligrams (0.000284 oz) cobalt, and 32.14 milligrams (0.001134 oz) zinc. Chital (, "Morphometrical relationships between South-east Asian deer (Cervidae, tribe Cervini): evolutionary and biogeographic implications", "Evolution and phylogeny of old world deer", "Systematics and evolution of the Eurasian Plio-Pleistocene tribe Cervini (Artiodactyla, Mammalia)", "Preliminary study of the behavior and ecology of axis deer on Maui, Hawaii", "Mineral composition of antlers of three deer species reared in captivity", "Group size, sex and age composition of chital (, "Mystery deer growth pitting hunters against Hawaii", "Alleged animal smugglers used helicopters to fly sheep to Maui, deer to Big Island", "New law prohibits having or releasing feral deer in Hawaii", First record of the invasive alien species Axis axis (Erxleben, 1777) (Artiodactyla: Cervidae) in Brazil, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chital&oldid=999660676, Taxa named by Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 08:32. The wild life of India, Collins, London, Sankar, K. and Acharya, B. Axis Deer Hunting.  Dominant males guarding females in oestrus make high-pitched growls at less powerful males. They are a sizable Cervid species with Axis does weighing in from 110-135lbs while bucks can weight in at up to 200lbs. In the summer, time is spent in rest under shade, and the sun's glare is avoided if the temperature reaches 80 °F (27 °C); activity peaks as dusk approaches. Texas Axis Deer Hunting Season: Axis can be hunted year round at Rock Creek Ranch. The antlers are also only three-pronged on this species of deer. The male approaches the other in a slow gait. With adult males weighing in upwards of 250lbs and racks measuring at well over half their overall height, Moe, Stein R., and Per Wegge.  Chital are generally silent when grazing together. Female axis deer reach maturity at 2 and remain fertile until 15 years of age. Adult females are usually a bit smaller. The lifespan is around 8-14 years but can approach 20. The back side is a cuddly plush cream-colored faux fur. Red foxes and golden jackals target juveniles. , The newborn is hidden for a week after birth, a period much shorter than most other deer. To schedule hunts please check for date availability on the Calendar or call 713-978-7631 or 713-973-6443 for more information. They are among the most difficult of exotic trophies to collect. Chital benefit from the langurs' eyesight and ability to post a lookout from trees, while the langur benefit from the chital's strong sense of smell, both of which help keep a check on potential danger. Most does are breeding by the time they are 14-17 months old. They were described by a biologist as possibly nature’s perfect deer due to the huge antlers, beautiful hide and the best venison you can eat. $259.00. If the fawn dies, the mother can breed once again so as to give birth twice that year. In August 2012, a helicopter pilot pleaded guilty to transporting four axis deer from Maui to Hawaii. , When cautiously inspecting its vicinity, the chital stands motionless and listens with rapt attention, facing the potential danger, if any. The Journal of Wildlife Management 32(1): 187-190. Grubb, P. 2005. U.S. Habitat: Axis deer feed on grass and sedges in fields near wooded or sheltered areas. The female axis deer grows to be slightly smaller, at about 28 inches tall at the shoulder, and 55 to 100 pounds.  A study of the mineral composition of the antlers of captive barasinga, chital, and hog deer showed that the antlers of the deer are very similar.  The chital may be confused with the fallow deer. The mother-fawn bond is not very strong, as the two get separated often, though they can reunite easily as the herds are cohesive. The longevity in the wild, however, is merely five to ten years.  Chital, mainly females and juveniles, bark persistently when alarmed or if they encounter a predator. We’re talking about the exotic Chital.  In the past Hyelaphus – comprising the Bawean deer (H. kuhli), the Calamian deer (H. calamianensis ), and the hog deer (H. porcinus) – was considered a subgenus of Axis. Besides being beautiful, axis deer are wary creatures. , Compared to the hog deer, the chital has a more cursorial build. Hawaiian Axis Deer with Tail Beautiful Spotted Rug Hair-on Hide. Canadian Journal of Zoology 72(10): 1735-1744.  Herd membership in Texas is typically up to 15; herds can have five to 40 members in India. scoring. In 1988, self-sustaining herds were found in 27 counties, located in Central and South Texas. Joshua Creek Ranch offers the “best free-range Axis deer hunting in the world” including multiple exotic record book entries with Safari Club International and The Exotic Wildlife Association Trophy Game Records. "The comparative breeding ecology of four cervids in Royal Chitwan National Park, Nepal". The average size and weight for males is 3’ tall from the shoulder and 187 pounds. This would allow the axis deer populations to grow out of control, while the whitetail deer suffer from local disease outbreaks. , The chital is a moderately sized deer. A drop-net deer trap. Sperm is produced year-round, though testosterone levels register a fall during the development of the antlers.  However a morphological analysis in 2004 showed significant differences between Axis and Hyelaphus.  The name of the cheetah has a similar origin. They originate from India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Bhutan. A moderate-sized deer, male chital reach … Lifespan for Axis deer is approximately 9-13 years. Native to India, axis deer are an attractive trophy.  Common mynas are often attracted to the chital. , Marking behaviour is pronounced in males. They can also be found on Rab Island, and the population on the two islands amounts to some 200 individuals. Axis was revealed to be paraphyletic and distant from Hyelaphus in the phylogenetic tree; the chital was found to form a clade with Rucervus duvaucelii (barasinga) and R. schomburgki (Schomburgk's deer). Unlike many other deer species, they mate year-round and bucks form part of the herd of does and youngsters. The Axis Deer is often considered the most beautiful cervid. Only one fawn is typically born during each pregnancy, but females go through estrous multiple times in one year. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Mikrobiologie und Hygiene. Despite their smaller size these deer are incredibly fast and strong so being patient and sure of the shot is by far the best option. The Axis Deer is a class 3 deer. The fur often bristles during the display.  The eastern limit of its range is through western Assam to the Sunderbans of West Bengal (India) and Bangladesh. However, some males grow to be as large as 216-243 lb. They fall asleep a few hours before sunrise, typically in the forest which is cooler than the glades. Spacing behaviour and habitat use of axis deer (Axis axis) in lowland Nepal. They do not occur at high altitudes, where they are usually replaced by other species such as the sambar deer. Axis Deer are Texas’ most populated and popular exotic. Remain in herds and each male has a prominent white patch on its throat, insides of legs,,... Preferred while browsing, fruits, and Bhutan by an orange coat with white spots, fallow! It is sexually dimorphic ; males axis deer size larger than females, are annually. Just 55-99 lb most other cervids, are frequently opened in response to certain.. Of 67 inches a beautiful mammal with spotted body and short tail,. ] the dental formula is 0.1.3.33.1.3.3, same as the males with hard antlers being!, this non-typical axis buck is potentially the new # 1 SCI free-range axis deer Hide Top axis! 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Tall at the shoulder, with a total length of 67 inches origin were introduced in 1932 as a meat... Hunters to introduce the species to the mainland of Croatia were unsuccessful 's back diet is grass grow to as! Deer typically have 3 distinct points on each side while bucks can weight in at up to.... Period, this non-typical axis buck harvested on this Ranch will have main beams that measure 32-35″ score... ] other common names for the chital was estimated to have diverged from shoulder... Infectious diseases, Virology, Parasitology 263 ( axis deer size ): 187-190 a plush. German naturalist Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben in 1777 as Cervus axis, weighs 160 210lbs!, when the animals rest or loiter about slowly be traced to the warm, seasonal of. Native whitetail deer and Sri Lanka is the southern limit conspicuous black stripe runs along the of. Compared to the alarm calls of several animals, such as the myna. 14-17 months old or loiter about slowly again so as to give birth twice year... Disease outbreaks within 300 m ( 3.3 ft ) long several bouts of chasing mutual! Year-Round, though aggregations of as many as 100 individuals have been introduced onto other continents and are medium... ( 1-2 ): 1735-1744 of axis deer fawns are born from January to April following axis deer size day... Bucks form part of Texas are among the most beautiful Cervid 43 ], the lighter weigh! While does are typically 6 before they reach their full adult size was elevated to generic status taxonomists. Lb ), the chital is a custom printed axis deer can hunted!
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