Bharat Ratna Award Winners List. In 2019, this award was given to three eminent personalities namely; Nanaji Deshmukh, Pranab Mukherjee, and Bhupen Hazarika. "As you are aware, Lal Krishna Advani has been in public life for over seven decades. He became the first acting President and was eventually elected as the fourth President of India (1969–74). Article Rating. On …  Bindra had earlier been recommended for the award in May 2013 by the National Rifle Association of India.  The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science, and public services, but the government expanded the criteria to include "any field of human endeavour" in December 2011. The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President of India. The Bharat Ratna (Hindi pronunciation: [bʰaːɾət̪ rət̪nə]; Jewel of India) is the highest civilian … It said that the award cannot be conferred to Bose posthumously as the Government had not officially accepted his death on 18 August 1945. On 25 January 2019, the government announced the award to social activist Nanaji Deshmukh (posthumously), singer-music director Bhupen Hazarika (posthumously) and to the former President of India, Pranab Mukherjee. Post-independence, Giri held positions of Governor of Uttar Pradesh, Kerala and Mysore and various other cabinet ministries. Independence activist Ali is better known for hoisting the Indian flag in Bombay during the Quit India Movement in 1942. Kannada has won eight, the highest number of Jnana Peeth Awards, the most prestigious literary award given by the Government of India. Jawaharlal Nehru. Why not Bharat Ratna for Dhyan Chand, asks former hockey captain Govinda Sun, Jan 10 2021 12:03:31 PM New Delhi, Jan 10 (IANS): Hockey wizard Dhyan Chand was a "great man, great human being and a great player" and it is a surprise that he has not yet been conferred with the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour, says former India hockey captain B.P. She was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her humanitarian work in 1979 and was beatified on 19 October 2003 by Pope John Paul II and canonized on 4 September 2016 by Pope Francis. Summary.  Similarly in 2015, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi's decision to award Madan Mohan Malaviya, who died in 1946, met with criticism. A physician, political leader, philanthropist, educationist, and social worker, Roy is often considered as "Maker of Modern West Bengal". This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. Earlier, Abul Kalam Azad had refused the Bharat Ratna while he was the. The award was in recognition of extraordinary performance in the field of literature, science, public services and arts only .This award belongs to all people of India without any discrimination of sex, race and age. Returning to India, he organized labour unions and brought them to take active participation in Indian freedom struggle. [b] On 25 August 1992, the Madhya Pradesh High Court issued a notice temporarily suspending all civilian awards.  Subsequently, several sportspersons' names were discussed; among the most talked-about of these was field-hockey player Dhyan Chand, who was recommended multiple times for the posthumous honour. Govinda. Bharat Ratna can be given to any person, irrespective of caste, occupation, position, or gender. List of all Bharat Ratna award winners : Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian honour, given for exceptional service towards advancement of Art, Literature and Science, and in recognition of Public Service of the highest order. Since then, the award has been bestowed upon 48 individuals, including 16 who were awarded posthumously. Bharat Ratna Award Winners List 2018, 2017, 2016: The Bharat Ratna Award was last conferred in 2015. TAG – Bharat Ratna 2019 Important Facts in Hindi, Bharat Ratna 2019 Full Details in Hindi, Bharat Ratna Winners List 2019 in Hindi, Who Got Bharat Ratna Award in 2019. The award was established by the first President of India, Rajendra Prasad, on 2 January 1954. The Congress in Karnataka has expressed disappointment over the ... from the list of those awarded Bharat Ratna on Friday ... "Congratulations to all #BharatRatna and #PadmaAwards winners. 1. He was later elected as the first President of India (1950–62). The court declined to pass any judgement on the posthumous mention of Bose and his death. A 2-inch-wide (51 mm) white ribbon is attached to the medal so it can be worn around the neck. Independence activist, social reformer, and commonly referred as "Lok Nayak" ("People's Hero"), Narayan is better known for "Total Revolution Movement" or "JP Movement" initiated during the mid-1970s to "overthrow the corrupt and exploitative Congress government". He was honored with the Padma Vibhushan in 1999. He was an Independence activist along with educationist. He was the President of Indian National Congress for four terms and was the Chairman of Hindustan Times from 1924 to 1946. The medallion is in the form of a Peepal leaf, about 5.8 cm long, 4.7 cm wide and 3.1 mm thick.  The holders of the Bharat Ratna rank seventh in the Indian order of precedence. ", "Freedom of Expression: Indians are Becoming Increasingly Intolerant", "Uneasy lies crown that awaits Ratna—Advani proposes Vajpayee's name, method and timing fuel murmurs", "Premiers/Chief Ministers of West Bengal", "Jyoti Basu can be given Bharat Ratna: CPI (M)", "Shiv Sena starts drive to collect 10 lakh signatures to get Bharat Ratna for Vinayak Damodar Savarkar", "Shiv Sena demands Bharat Ratna for Veer Savarkar", "Savarkar doesn't need an award for recognition, says grand-nephew", "Fans hold rally demanding Bharat Ratna for Dhyan Chand", "Dhyan Chand, not Sachin Tendulkar, is Sports Ministry's choice for Bharat Ratna", "National Rifle Association of India recommends Abhinav Bindra for Bharat Ratna", "Sports ministry recommended Dhyan Chand for Bharat Ratna", "I have no hope of Bharat Ratna for Dhyan Chand now: Ashok Kumar", "Dhyan Chand deserved Bharat Ratna more than Sachin", "Bharat Ratna: If Sachin Tendulkar deserves it then why not Dhyan Chand? The Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award in India. Jayaprakash Narayan died on 8 October 1979, at the age of 76. Karnataka chief minister H D Kumaraswamy Thursday asked followers of Shivakumara Swamiji to play a major role for getting the Bharat Ratna conferred on the late Seer. He was a member of RSS, a leader of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, and also a member of the Rajya Sabha. Social reformer and educator, Karve is widely known for his works related to women's education and remarriage of Hindu widows. The latter had three classes namely Pahela Varg, Dusra Varg and Tisra Varg. The latest recipient of the Bharat Ratna was Former President of India Pranab Mukherjee, who died on 31st August 2020. Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is conferred in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order, without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. B. R. Ambedkar died on 6 December 1956, at the age of 65. But an award winner may use the following expressions in their biodata/letterhead/visiting card etc. Introduction: The Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. The PIL filed against Rao declared that other Indian scientists, such as Homi Bhabha and Vikram Sarabhai, had contributed more than Rao and his claim of publishing 1400 research papers was "physically impossible". Widely known as the "Iron Man of India", Patel was an independence activist and first Deputy Prime Minister of India (1947–50). An Indian independence activist, statesman, and lawyer, Rajagopalachari was the only Indian and last Governor-General of independent India.  The first suspension occurred after Morarji Desai was sworn in as the fourth Prime Minister in 1977. He was only one person receiving Bharat Ratna award winners from Karnataka. 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Jawaharlal Nehru: Nehru Ji was the first prime minister of India as we all know about this. Carnatic classical vocalist Subbulakshmi, also called "Queen of songs", is the first Indian musician to receive the Ramon Magsaysay award. Independence activist, social reformer, and a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi, Bhave is best known for his Bhoodan movement, "Land-Gift Movement". Though usually conferred on India-born citizens, the Bharat Ratna has been awarded to one naturalised citizen – Mother Teresa, and to two non-Indians: Abdul Ghaffar Khan (born in British India and later citizen of Pakistan) and Nelson Mandela, born in and citizen of South Africa. Independence activist Desai was the fourth Prime Minister of India (1977–79). Summary. This service takes account of artistic, literary, and scientific achievements, and recognition of public service of the highest order.  On 15 January 1955, the Padma Vibhushan was reclassified into three different awards; the Padma Vibhushan, the highest of the three, followed by the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri. Uttar Pradesh. He was given the honorific title "Acharya" ("teacher") and was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award (1958) for his humanitarian work. Bharat Ratna awarded in recognition of exceptional work/service of the highest order in any field of human endeavor as; art, social work, Public Affairs, Science & Engineering, Sports and Trade & Industry, etc.  The recommendations for the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President, with a maximum of three nominees being awarded per year. 1889–1964. Civil engineer, statesman, and Diwan of Mysore (1912–18), he was a Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. Bharat Ratna award winners in 1955. Bharat Ratna Awards Winners : General Awareness is a very important section in almost every competitive exams like FSSAI, RRB NTPC, FCI, CWC, LIC, ESIC, IBPS, SBI, RBI, AAI, DRDO, ISRO, NTRO, State Level Exams, UPSC & Various Competitive Exams. Independence activist Nanda was two times interim Prime Minister of India (1964, 1966) and two times deputy chairman of the Planning Commission. Scholar and educational reformer Malaviya is a founder of Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha (1906) and Banaras Hindu University and served as the university's vice-chancellor from 1919 till 1938. The provision of Bharat Ratna was introduced in 1954. However, in 1999, four individuals were awarded the honour.  Similar demands were made by Telugu Desam Party, Bahujan Samaj Party, and Shiromani Akali Dal for their respective leaders N. T. Rama Rao, Kanshi Ram, and Parkash Singh Badal. UPSC IAS 2020 Exam: Click here to get the Complete 30 Days Study Plan to score high in Prelims. This award was established on 2 nd January 1954 by the President of India Babu Rajendra Prasad. President Pranab Mukherjee on Monday conferred Bharat Ratna, country's highest civilian award, on acclaimed educationist and freedom fighter Madan Mohan Malviya. The provision of Bharat Ratna was introduced in 1954.  In a special ceremony on 18 April 1958, Dhondo Keshav Karve was awarded on his 100th birthday. He said Savarkar was one of the accused in the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi, but the charges could not be proved due to lack of evidence and he was freed. Recipients whose awards have been revoked or restored, both of which require the authority of the President, are registered in the Gazette. List of all Bharat Ratna award winners . The provision of Bharat Ratna was introduced in 1954. Article Name. Bharat Ratna is India's highest civilian award which is awarded for the highest degrees of national service.  M. S. Subbulakshmi from Tamil Nadu became the first musician to receive the honour. Actor turned politician Ramachandran served as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for three terms; 1977–80, 1980–84, and 1985–87. Former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri became the first individual to be honoured posthumously. "Truth alone triumphs"), inscribed in silver-gilt on the lower edge. Why not Bharat Ratna for Dhyan Chand, asks former hockey captain Govinda,By Rohit Mundayur New Delhi, Jan 10 (IANS) Hockey wizard Dhyan Chand was a “great man, great human being and a great player” and it is a surprise that he has not yet been conferred with the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honour, says former India hockey captain B.P. "Saint Mother Teresa of Calcutta" was a catholic nun and the founder of the Missionaries of Charity. The decision triggered much criticism and a PIL was filed in the Calcutta High Court to revoke the award. Bharat Ratna … He established the Widow Marriage Association (1883), Hindu Widows Home (1896), and started Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Women's University in 1916. The award is bestowed in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order, without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. The suit stated that as Rao had proven cases of plagiarism, he should not be presented with the award but rather should be annulled. He was a popular Indian engineer, scholar, and statesman. Former President Pranab Mukherjee, late Bharatiya Jana Sangh leader Nanaji Deshmukh and late singer Bhupen Hazarika were conferred the Bharat Ratna, the country's highest civilian award, on …  Another PIL was filed against Tendulkar and a few ministers, "alleging a conspiracy to ignore" an Indian field hockey player Dhyan Chand. Here is the complete list of recipients of Bharat Ratna winners in the list below. During the late 1970s, he worked for International Rice Research Institute, Manila, and the International Maize and Wheat Research Institute, Mexico. Bharat Ratna award winners in 1955. The first ever Indian to receive this award was the … List of all Bharat Ratna award winners Read More » The first recipients of the Bharat Ratna were: the last Governor-General of the Dominion of India – C. Rajagopalachari, second President and the first Vice President of India – Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and Nobel Prize Laureate, Physicist C. V. Raman; who were honoured in 1954. Bharat Ratna Award. Karnataka Congress Chief, Dinesh Gundu Rao tweeted: "While we are proud that senior Congressman Dr Pranab Mukherjee is conferred the Bharat Ratna… The Award was established on 2nd January 1954 by the first President of India Babu Rajendra Prasad along with the following 3 “Padma Awards”: Padma Vibhusan Padma Bhusan Padma Shri The Following is the List of “Bharat Ratna”-Award Recipients- From the Year 1954…  The petitioner took objection to the conferral of the award and its posthumous mention of Bose, saying that honouring a personality higher than the award is "ridiculous", and it was an act of "carelessness" to classify such a person with past and future recipients. Instituted in the year 1954, Bharat Ratna is India’s most prestigious, highest pedestal-holding civilian award. This award was introduced along with the following three Padma Awards, “Padma Vibhusan”, “Padma Bhushan”, “Padma Shri”. The award was in recognition of extraordinary performance in the field of literature, science, public services and arts only .This award belongs to all people of India without any discrimination of sex, race and age. This claim is not completely true as the then President of India, Rajendra Prasad confessed to have decided to confer this award on Nehru suo motu. 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New Delhi: A day after Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) veteran Lal Krishna Advani turned 93, a party leader urged Bharat Ratna to be conferred upon the stalwart.  It was noted that only an announcement had been made by press communiqué, but the government had not proceeded to confer the award by publishing the name in the Gazette and entering the name in the register. He was the first person to receive the Bharat Ratna in the year 1955. In 1984, Ray was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, India's highest award in cinema. Gopinath Bordoloi died on 5 August 1950, at the age of 60. He was Minister of External Affairs during 1977–79 and was awarded the "Best Parliamentarian" in 1994. Sachin Tendulkar, at the age of 40, became the youngest person and first sportsperson to receive the honour. The Bharat Ratna awardee receives a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President of India and a medallion.  In 1957, the silver-gilt decoration was changed to burnished bronze. It came into existence on 2nd January 1954. Disclaimer:- All Information about “List of Bharat Ratna Award Winners from 1954 to 2019” has been referenced from the respective website, newspaper or other reliable sources available in the public domain.Although care has been taken to ensure the correctness of the information provided here, yet this website does not take any kind of responsibility regarding the content. to indicate that he/she is a recipient of the award. Rupa Publications. New Delhi: Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian honour, given for exceptional service towards advancement of Art, … [a] As of 2015[update], the award has been conferred upon 45 people with 12 posthumous declarations. Usage of the title 'Bharat Ratna' as a prefix by the awardee is exempt from Article 18 (1) of the Constitution,[b] as per the Supreme Court's precedent in Balaji Raghavan/S.P. Gandhi was the sixth Prime Minister of India serving from 1984 to 1989. He is the founder of various institutes including Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Tata Memorial Hospital, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Tata Motors, TCS, National Institute of Advanced Studies, and National Centre for the Performing Arts. On its middle embossed the sun of 1 .6 cm in diameter, below this the words Bharat Ratna are written in Devanagari script. Aerospace and defense scientist, Kalam was involved in the development of India's first satellite launch vehicle SLV III and was the architect of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program. The Award was established on 2nd January 1954 by the first President of India Babu Rajendra Prasad along with the following 3 “Padma Awards”: Padma Vibhusan Padma Bhusan Padma Shri The Following is the List of “Bharat Ratna”-Award Recipients- From the Year 1954… Padma Awards (The Award of Excellence): 14 Facts at a Glance. He was the Chief Minister of Madras State during 1954–57, 1957–62, and 1962–63; and founder of Indian political party, "Saint Mother Teresa of Calcutta" was a catholic nun and the founder of the, Independence activist, social reformer, and a close associate of, Widely known as "Frontier Gandhi", independence activist and Pashtun leader Khan was a follower of, Known as the "Puratchi Thalaivar" ("Revolutionary Leader"), Actor turned politician Ramachandran was the first actor to become the chief minister of the state in the history of India. The posthumous award for M. G. Ramachandran (1988) was considered to have been aimed at placating the voters for the upcoming assembly election and posthumous awards of Madan Mohan Malaviya (2015) and Vallabhbhai Patel (1991) drew criticism because they died before the award was instituted. It is provided to those who have made exceptional services for the achievement in the fields of art, literature, science and public service at the highest level. While studying at the University College Dublin, Giri was involved in the Irish Sinn Fein movement. Senior BJP leader DH Shankaramurthy in a letter to Prime Minister Narendra Modi requested him to confer Bharat Ratna on LK Advani. , The award was briefly suspended twice in its history. Introduction: The Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. The Janata Party ended its activities in 1977, but … The “Bharat Ratna” Award is the highest Civilian Award in India. List of all Bharat Ratna award winners : Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian honour, given for exceptional service towards advancement of Art, Literature and Science, and in recognition of Public Service of the highest order. Taggs: Bharat Ratna Bharat Ratna winner list 2015 First Bharat Ratna highest Civilian Award Last Bharat Ratna Winners of Bharat Ratna from 1954 to 2016 Previous Post: Questions asked in Railway NTPC exam – 1st shift 28th march 2016  The PIL filed against Tendulkar to the Election Commission under the Right to Information Act indicated that the awarding him the Bharat Ratna was a violation of the model code of conduct. Winner of four Grammy Awards and often considered "the world's best-known exponent of Hindustani classical music", sitar player Shankar is known for his collaborative work with Western musicians including Yehudi Menuhin and George Harrison. Indologist and Sanskrit scholar, Kane is best known for his five-volume literary work, History of Dharmasastra: Ancient and Medieval Religious and Civil Law in India; the "monumental" work that extends over nearly 6,500 pages and was published from 1930 to 1962. The petitioner requested the whereabouts of Bose from 18 August 1945 to date, based on the information collected by the 1956 Shah Nawaz Committee and the 1970 Khosla Commission. Hockey wizard Dhyan Chand is the most deserving sports personality for the Bharat Ratna award, says former captain of the Indian men's hockey team Zafar Iqbal. Known for his slogan "Jai Jawan Jai Kisan" ("Hail the Soldier, Hail the Farmer"), Independence activist Shastri served as second Prime Minister of India (1964–66) and led the country during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. Often called the "Gandhi of South Africa", Mandela's African National Congress movement was influenced by Gandhian philosophy.  Indira's son Rajiv Gandhi was awarded Bharat Ratna posthumously after he was assassinated by LTTE in 1991. Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian honour, given for exceptional service towards advancement of Art, Literature and Science, Sports and in recognition of Public Service of the highest order. But in 1958, a special ceremony for the award was held in the Brabourne Stadium in Mumbai to … It was made by bronze. Patna, Jan 06: Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar on Wednesday chuckled over the demand for conferring Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honour in the country, on Congress president Sonia Gandhi. The provision of Bharat Ratna was introduced in 1954. Independence activist Azad was India's first Minister of Education and worked towards free primary education. The original statutes did not provide for posthumous awards but were amended in January 1955 to permit them. Abul Kalam Azad died on 22 February 1958, at the age of 69. Post-independence, "Sardar" ("Leader") Patel worked with V. P. Menon towards dissolving 555 princely states into the Indian union. "As far as sports is concerned, Dhyan Chand is the most deserving candidate for Bharat Ratna," Iqbal told IANS in an exclusive interview.  Additionally, recipients may either use the expression "Awarded Bharat Ratna by the President" or "Recipient of Bharat Ratna Award" to indicate that they have been honoured with the award. ", "Just not cricket: Why did Sachin get Bharat Ratna before Dhyan Chand? In 2014, cricketer Sachin Tendulkar, then aged 40, became the youngest recipient; while social reformer Dhondo Keshav Karve was awarded on his 100th birthday. It is made of toned bronze. It was decided to be awarded without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. He has authored around 1600 research papers and 48 books. The first-ever Indian to receive this award was the famous scientist, Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. Often titled as "Rajarshi", Tandon was an independence activist and served as speaker of the United Provinces Legislative Assembly (1937–50). Bharat Ratna Winners List: The first recipients of the Bharat Ratna were politician C. Rajagopalachari, philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and scientist C. V. Raman, who were honoured in 1954. India’s first Saraswati Shishu Mandir was established by him at Gorakhpur in 1950. Bharat Ratna is the country’s highest civilian award , instituted in 1954. The award was proposed by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee to President K. R. Narayanan who agreed to the proposal. The above list of Bharat Ratna recipients will enhance the general knowledge of the readers. Parliamentarian for over four decades, Vajpayee was elected nine times to the Lok Sabha, twice to the Rajya Sabha and served as the Prime Minister of India for three terms; 1996, 1998, 1999–2004. Questions based on Bharat Ratna Awards Winners are always asked in various competitive exams.In this post we are providing you updated list of Bharat … It was noted that such conferments could lead to more demands to honour people like Maurya Emperor Ashoka, Mughal Emperor Akbar, Maratha Emperor Shivaji, Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore, Hindu spiritualist Swami Vivekananda, and independence activist Bal Gangadhar Tilak. It has been awarded to a naturalised Indian citizen, Mother Teresa in 1980, and to two non-Indians, Abdul Ghaffar Khan of Pakistan in 1987 and the former South African president Nelson Mandela in 1990. Post-Independence, Ali was elected as Delhi's first mayor in 1958. The announcement of Bharat Ratna awards by the government recently has been met with some heartburn, with the Karnataka Congress upset that the award did not go to … The recipients receive a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a peepal leaf-shaped medallion. Independence activist and statesman Kamaraj was a former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for three terms; 1954–57, 1957–62, and 1962–63. Bharat Ratna 1976. Aruna Asaf Ali died on 29 July 1996, at the age of 87.  The Bharat Ratna medals are produced at Alipore Mint, Kolkata along with the other civilian and military awards like Padma Vibushan, Padma Bhushan, Padma Shri, and Param Veer Chakra. Padma award winners from Karnataka - When Padma awards were instituted in 1954, three men from Karnataka made it to the list: Bharat Ratna CV Raman and V Narahari Rao, the first CAG of independent India, and Gen KS Thimayya, both Padma Bhushan. Independent activist Pant was premier of United Provinces (1937–39, 1946–50) and first Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh (1950–54). In January 2008, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader L. K. Advani wrote to the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh recommending Singh's predecessor Atal Bihari Vajpayee for the award. It is a wonderful enriching experience to go through the life of the distinguished person who has excelled in their respective field Rajiv Gandhi died on 21 May 1991, at the age of 46.  The awards were reintroduced by the Supreme Court in December 1995, following the conclusion of the litigation. Independence activist Azad was India's first Minister of Education and worked towards free primary education. But his name came in the list of Bharat Ratna Award winners list in 1955.  In September 2015, regional political party Shiv Sena demanded the award for the independence activist Vinayak Damodar Savarkar stating that he had been "deliberately neglected by previous governments" but his family clarified that they are not making such demand and that the freedom fighter is known for his contribution towards independence movement and did not need an award for recognition. Independence activist and author, Nehru is the first and the longest-serving Prime Minister of India (1947–64). 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